Palliative care is care given to improve the quality of life of patients who have severe or life-threatening diseases, such as cancer and Dementia. Palliative care is an approach to care that addresses the person, not just their disease. The goal is to prevent or treat, as early as possible, the symptoms and side effects of the disease and its treatment, in addition to any related psychological, social, and spiritual problems.
Palliative care is an interdisciplinary medical caregiving approach aimed at optimizing the quality of life and mitigating suffering among people with severe, complex, and often terminal illnesses. Within the published literature, many definitions of palliative care exist. The World Health Organization describes palliative care as “an approach that improves the quality of life of patients and their families facing the problems associated with life-threatening illness, through the prevention and relief of suffering utilizing early identification and impeccable assessment and treatment of pain and other problems, physical, psychosocial, and spiritual.” In the past, palliative care was a disease-specific approach. Still, today the WHO takes a broader approach, that the principles of palliative care should be applied as early as possible to any chronic and ultimately fatal illness.